Reducing the Stigma: Initiating Conversations for Compassion and Understanding

Reducing the Stigma: Initiating Conversations for Compassion and Understanding

Published on Thursday, June 29, 2023 by Deanna Salles-Freeman

Have you ever felt like you had to be strong all the time? 

"If you aren’t strong, you are weak." This is stigma, negative perception, and judgment attached to certain conditions or characteristics. 

Stigma can have a significant impact on you as an individual and on communities. It creates barriers, perpetuates stereotypes, and isolates those who may already be facing challenges. To foster a more inclusive and compassionate society, it is crucial to reduce the stigma surrounding various issues, whether physical health, mental health, addiction, or disabilities. Starting a conversation is the first step toward breaking down these barriers.

Open the Conversation

Let’s explore how we can initiate conversations to reduce stigma and promote understanding and empathy.


You cannot change what you don’t confront.


Educate Yourself: Before engaging in conversations about stigmatized topics, it's essential to educate yourself. Seek reliable sources of information, read books, articles, or research papers to understand the condition or issue better. This knowledge will equip you with facts, dispel myths, and help you approach the conversation with empathy and sensitivity.

Choose the Right Setting: Creating a safe and comfortable environment is essential when discussing sensitive topics. Choose a private and quiet setting where all parties can speak openly without fear of judgment or interruption. A neutral location can help put everyone at ease and encourage open dialogue.

Use Empathetic Language: When starting a conversation about stigmatized topics, it's crucial to use empathetic language that promotes understanding rather than perpetuates stereotypes. Avoid derogatory terms or language that may further stigmatize the issue. Instead, use person-first language, focusing on the individual rather than their condition or characteristics. For example, say "person with a mental health condition" instead of labeling someone "mentally ill."

Share Personal Stories: Sharing personal experiences can be a powerful way to reduce stigma. Opening up about your own encounters with physical or mental health challenges, addiction, or any stigmatized issue can help normalize the conversation and create a safe space for others to share their stories. Personal stories foster empathy, break down stereotypes, and encourage others to feel comfortable speaking openly about their experiences.

Ask Open-Ended Questions: Engaging in open-ended questions allows individuals to share their thoughts and feelings without feeling judged. Ask questions that invite a deeper understanding of their experiences, perspectives, or challenges. Active listening and demonstrating genuine interest will help create a supportive atmosphere where individuals feel valued and heard.

Challenge Stereotypes: During conversations, be prepared to challenge stereotypes or misconceptions. Politely correct any misinformation that may perpetuate stigma. Offer alternative viewpoints supported by facts and personal stories. By gently challenging these misconceptions, you better understand stigmatized issues more accurately.

Be Non-Judgmental: One of the most critical aspects of reducing stigma is approaching conversations with an open mind and without judgment. Recognize that everyone's experiences are unique and avoid making assumptions or generalizations. Show empathy and understanding, acknowledging that stigma affects individuals in different ways.

Acceptance and Support

Reducing stigma requires active participation from everyone within a community. We can create a more inclusive and compassionate society by starting conversations that challenge stereotypes, promote understanding, and foster empathy. Remember to educate yourself, choose the right setting, use empathetic language, share personal stories, ask open-ended questions, challenge stereotypes, and be non-judgmental. Together, we can break down the barriers of stigma, allowing individuals to feel accepted, supported, and empowered.

I see you, and YOU are beautiful!


  1. National Alliance on Mental Health. (n.d.). Reducing Stigma. NAMI California. Retrieved June 1, 2023, from
  2. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2021, June 23). Words Matter: Preferred Language for Talking About Addiction. National Institute on Drug Abuse.
  3. Sartorius, N. (2007). Stigmatized illnesses and health care. Croatian Medical Journal, 48(3), 396–397.
  4. Pappas, S. (2011, September 13). Top 10 stigmatized health disorders. LiveScience. 
  5. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2023, May 18). Person-first and destigmatizing language. National Institutes of Health.  


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